|Asia for Educators, Columbia University
|In 1949, China introduced the commune system of collectivized agriculture as a solution to slow markets and to invest in various industries. This source describes the commune system and how it evolved throughout the Cultural Revolution and after. There were approximately 53,000 communes in China, 170,000 peasants households in the communes, and 90,000,000 acres of arable land under the control of communes at the height of their existence. Communes have now largely disappeared and been replaced by the household responsibility system.
|“Well-organized human labor was seen as the key to development as China”