Producer 1990 Institute 
Overview What do you know about China? This video in our “China in Perspectives” series juxtaposes U.S. data with China data to gain a better understanding of China today. Take a look at the two biggest economies in the world in comparison to each other – do you know that the total land masses of the two countries are approximately equal but China has 4.4 times as many people? What strengths and disadvantages follow?

Think about the impacts of feeding and sustaining such a large population, especially when there are so many retired people in relation to the working population. This video puts in perspective a wealthy country like the U.S. and a developing country like China to show that what happens in each country can impact each other and the world. There is a companion video to this video in our China series, “If China were a Country with 100 People.

00:06 Population & Labor Force

00:31 Income & Personal Spending

00:51 Water Withdraws & Electricity Consumption

01:16 Smartphone Users & E-commerce

01:32 Land Mass & Food Consumption 

01:11 Annual Income & Wealth Distribution

01:55 Education   

02:11 What Does it Mean?

Publish Date October 29, 2021
Data Source Population, total China, United States, 2020 data, The World BankLabor force, total – China, United States, 2020 data, The World Bank

China Population (2019 demographic by age and gender), Population

US Population (2019 demographic by age and gender), Population

Under pressure, the squeezed middle class-how does the United States Compare?, 2019 data, OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)

China looks to boost middle class, by Ji Siqi, Nov 30, 2020, South China Morning Post (SMCP)

Adjusted Net National Income Per Capita – China, United States, 2019 Data, The World Bank

Note:: Adjusted net national income complements gross national income (GNI) in assessing economic progress (Hamilton and Ley 2010) by providing a broader measure of national income that accounts for the depletion of natural resources. Adjusted net national income is calculated by subtracting from GNI a charge for the consumption of fixed capital (a calculation that yields net national income) and for the depletion of natural resources. The deduction for the depletion of natural resources, which covers net forest depletion, energy depletion, and mineral depletion, reflects the decline in asset values associated with the extraction and harvesting of natural resources. This is analogous to depreciation of fixed assets.

US vs China: Who are the consumers of the future?, by Jenny Soffel, Oct 12, 2015, World Economic Forum

Water withdrawals per capita worldwide, as of 2019, Statista

Electricity consumption per capita, 2020 Data, Index Mundi 

Top Countries by Smartphone Users, 2020 Data, Newzoo

In global historic first, ecommerce in China will account for more than 50% of retail sales, by Ethan Cramer-Flood, Feb 10, 2021, Insider Intelligence

Is China Bigger Than The United States?, World Atlas

The Commonalities and Differences between Chinese and U.S. Agriculture, by Wendong Zhang, Agricultural Policy Review, Fall 2015. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University

US Agriculture Exports, 2020, Foreign Agricultural Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

What foods does each country eat?, by Brad Plumer, Oct 20, 2014, VOX

U.S. Education and Literacy, UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organizations) Institute for Statistics

China Education and Literacy, UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organizations) Institute for Statistics

Compulsory school attendance laws, minimum and maximum age limits for required free education, by state: 2017 – IES NCES (National Center for Education Statistics.

2016 The Human Capital Report, figure 14 on page 29 on STEM graduates, World Economic Forum

The State of U.S. Science and Engineering, by Elizabeth Redden, January 16, 2020, Inside Higher ED 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2020 –  Degree Awards (figure 3 & 4), National Science Foundation

US and World Population Clock. United States Census Bureau

 For Teachers Downloadable Lesson Guide

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.