Producer 1990 Institute
Overview Our video series, “China in Perspective,” is designed to expose you to interesting and insightful information about contemporary China to better understand this complex and intriguing country of 1.4 billion people. This video is a primer for the series, providing a general overview of the demographic breakdown of the Chinese population, from wealth distribution to education, to social media and video game usage, and more! 

This is a companion video to another video in our China in Perspective series, “A Tale of Two Countries,” which compares the demographics of the U.S. and China, the two biggest economies in the world. See it here.

00:11 Are All Chinese Communists?

00:22 Are All Chinese of the Same Ethnicity?

00:30 Gender Ratio & Age Group

00:45 Literacy Rate & Education Level

01:06 Labor Force

01:11 Annual Income & Wealth Distribution

01:26 Religion

01:32 Internet Connectivity

01:47 Smartphone Users & Video Game Market

Publish Date October 29, 2021
Reference Materials Read:

Family Portraits of all 56 ethnic groups in China, by CC, December 6th, 2009, Chinahush

At 54, China’s average retirement age is too low, Jun 26th 2021 edition, The Economist

100 years of the Chinese Communist Party | USC US China Institute 2021

Fostering Resilient Economies: Chapter 6 China’s Response to Its Aging Population (page 136-168), published 2014, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Is China’s population a cause for concern?, by Sidney Leng, May 22, 2021, China Macro Economy, South China Morning Post China’s population demographics and facts, May 14, 2021, South China Morning Post

US and China’s Population growth at new lows, January 7, 2019,  Population Matters


Top Religion Population in China 1950-2150, Mar 23, 2020, by Data Player

China’s changing demographics, Aug 31, 2017, by 1990 Institute

China – changing of Population pyramid and demographics (1950-2100), September 23, 2019, by stats visual archives

SuperPower Country Comparison, Population pyramid of US vs China 1950-2100, August 16, 2019, by Roylab Stats


China’s population conundrum, with UNC demographer Yong Cai, June 24, 2021, by Sinica Podcast

 For Teachers Downloadable Lesson Guide
Data Source China Population – total China, 2020 data, The World Bank

Communist Party – Number of Communist party (CCP) members in China from 2010 to 2021Statista (Note: Statista gives limited number of free access)

List of Ethnic Groups in China, 2010 data, Wikipedia

Population – female (% of total population) – 2019, The World Bank

Population, male (% of total population) – China, 2020 Data, The World Bank

Age Distribution in China from 2010 to 2020, Statista

Literacy Rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above) – China, 2018 Data, The World Bank

China’s population, demographics and facts (Paywall), by SCMP, May 14, 2021, China Census 2020 report, South China Morning Post

Lean English, Chinese Style, Translated by Austin Woerner, July 16, 2014, ChinaFile

Labor force, total – China, 2020 Data, The World Bank

Labor force comprises people ages 15 and older who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period. It includes people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but seeking work as well as first-time job-seekers. Not everyone who works is included, however. Unpaid workers, family workers, and students are often omitted, and some countries do not count members of the armed forces. Labor force size tends to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave.

China has a larger middle class than India, where most people are low income, by Pew Research Center, March 17, 2021 Pew Research Center

China Consumer Report 2020 – the many faces of Chinese Consumer, by Johnny Ho, Felix Poh, Jia Zhou, Daniel Zipser; December 2019, McKinsey & Company

Religion in China, by Eleanor Albert and Lindsay Maizland, Last updated September 25, 2020, Council on Foreign Relations

Internet users – Countries with the highest number of internet users as of Q1 2021, by Joseph Johnson, Jul 19, 2021, Statista

Penetration rate of Social Media in China from 2013 to 2020 (they do not represent unique users), by Lai Lin Thomala, Feb 19, 2021, Statista

Mobile phone internet user penetration in China from 2015 to 2020 with a forecast until 2026 (exclude HK), by Lai Lin Thomala, August 16, 2021, Statista

Total number of game users in China from 2008 to 2020, by Lai Lin Thomala, January 15, 2021, Statista

Top 10 Countries/Markets by Game Revenues for 2020, by Newzoo

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